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1.Who was Francisco Pizarro

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rancisco Pizarro González Marqués was a Spanish conquistador. Conqueror of the Inca Empire, and founder of Lima, currently the capital city of Peru. He was borned in Extremadura,Spain, on the year 1471 and he died on the year 1541 on Lima. When he was young he participated on local wars between lords in which he fought with his father in Italy. Pizarro was the second cousin of Hernán Cortés.

2.Early life of Francisco Pizarro

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izarro was born on Trujillo, currently Extremadura,Spain. He was son of Gonzalo Pizarro Rodríguez de Aguilar, who was coronel of infantery of the Italian Calmings. His mother was Francisca Gonzálezllp3[1].gif Mateos, a woman of slender means from Trujillo, daughter of Juan Mateos of the family called Los Roperos, and a wife María Alonso, from Trujillo. His mother married late in life and had a son, Francisco Martín Alcántara, married to Inés Muñoz, who from the beginnig of the conquest of Peru, where he then lived, always at his brother´s side, who held him as one of his most trusted men. Through his father Francisco was second cousin once removed to Hernán Costés the famed conquistador of the Aztec Empire.

3.Explorations

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izarro was a great explorer. He made explorations to: Panama, Mexico, Ecuador and Colombia. On oneexpedition, Pascual de Andagoya found a gold-rich territory called Virú(El Dorado) that was on a river called
Pirú. Andagoya eventually established contact with some Native Americans chiefs. Andagoya continued his travelled but when he was between Ecuator and Colombia he felt very ill so he decided to returned back to Panama, he startedto spread news about `Pirú´ (the legendary Dorado). These revelations caught the attention of Francisco Pizarro, so he put more interes on the expeditions to the South, years later he foun the Inca Empire.

4.First expedition(1524)

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5oo[1].gifn the 13th of September of 1524, the first of the threeexpeditions to Panama for the conquest of Peru with about 80 men and 40 horses. Diego Almagro was left behind because he was to recruit men, gather addicional supplies, and join Pizarro later. The governor of Panama, Pedro Arias Dávila, at first approved in principle of exploring South America. Pizarro´s first expeditions, however, turned out to be a failure asArt006_Francisco_Pizarro[1].png his conquistadors, sailing down the Pacific coast, reached no farther than Colombia before succumbing to such hardships as bad weather, lack of food and villages with hostile natives, one of which caused to Almagro to lose an eye. Moreover, the places names the Spanish bestowed along their route, incuding Puerto Deseado, Puerto del Hambre and Puerto Quemado, only confirm their straits. Fearing subsequent hostile encounters like the one the expedition endured at the Battle of Punta Quemada, Pizarro chose to end his tentative first expedition and return to Panama.

5.Second expedition(1526)

5tt[1].gifwo years after the first and very unsuccecssful expedition, Pizarro, Almago and Luque started the arrangments for a second expedition with permision of Pedro Arias Dávila. 60[1].gifThe governor, who him self was prepearing an expedition to the noth, Nicaragua. Also by this time, a new governor was to arrive and succeed Pedro Arias Dávila. This was Pedro de los Ríos, who took charge of the postin July of 1526 and has manifestated his initial approval of Pizarro´s expeditions, he would later join him several years later on Peru.
In August 1526, after all preparations were ready, Pizarro left Panama with two ships with 160 men and several horses, reaching as far as the Colombian San Juan River. Soon after arriving the party separated, with Pizarro staying to explore the new and often dangerous territory off the swampy Colombian coast, while the expedition´s second-in -comand, Almagro, was send back to Panama for reinforcements.
Some time later Pizarro discovered a very large native population recently brouth under Inca rule. Unfortunately for the conquistadors, the war spirit of the people they had just encountered seemed so defiant and dangerous in numbers that the castilians decided not to enter on the land.


6.The Conquest of Peru

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5oo[1].gifn the year 1531 in Peru, take place the decline of the Inca Empire, Huayna Cápac.A civil war broke out between its successors, Atahualpa and his brother the Sapa Inca (name given to the real3Espana_Castilla_Leon-es-castile-and-leon-flag1s[1].gif successor) Huascar. Francisco Pizarro was invited by Atahualpa for meet him in Cajamarca. This message was send throught a known person for Pizarro. They met the messenger, the messenger give to Pizarro some presents and he said to Pizarro and his soldiers that they had to continue his travel to the valley Chancay. Pizarro enter in the Inca´s territory with 168 soldiers and 37 horses. When he arrived to Cajamarca he took Atahualpa as prisioner, but Pizarro forced Atahualpa to pay for his crimes. Pizarro didn´t burn Atahualpa.
Pizarro manteined the straight relationship with the noblemens of Cuzco,that followed Huascar,so he could finished the conquering of Peru.Some time later Pizarro named a Atahualpa´s brother as emperor Pizarro travelled to Cuzco and conquering it on the year 1533.His brother Juan was named rulerof the city.Juan get married with the son of the Inca´s emperor Huayna Capac.After a time Francisco pizarro ordered to killed Atahualpa.On the year 1535 Pizarro founded the cities os Lima and Trujillo.Some time later Pizarro recived a lot of territory from the crown of Castile.
Pizarro´s coffin on the Lima´s cathedral.
Pizarro´s coffin on the Lima´s cathedral.

7.Pizarro´s death

5ii[1].gifn Lima, Peru on 26 June 1541 a group of twenty heavily armed supporters of Diego Almagro II attacked Pizarro
´s palace, assassinated him,and the forced the terrified city council to named Almagro as the new governor of Peru. Diego de Almagro,the younger was cought and killed the following year after losing the battle of Chupas. Pizarro´s remains were briefly buried in the cathedral courtyard, at some time later his head and body were separated and burried in separated boxes in the floor of the cathedral.


Timeline:



Maps:

This is the route that Francisco Pizarro followed during the conquest of the Inca Empire:

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